Selenium Web Automation Logs in Kibana via Logstash

Manoj Kengudelu
3 min readMar 17, 2020
Image via bgu

One of the challenges while running web automation as a package in a docker container which is orchestrated by Kubernetes is to view and understand what is happening while tests are running. Especially when your tests are executed in a cloud environment like AWS, you need to have a way to see your test logs.

This write-up puts a light on how can it was done by sending logs to Logstash endpoint which is configured to send the logs to Kibana. Following is my setup to run the web automation tests.

  • Selenium WebDriver
  • TestNG
  • Docker
  • Kubernetes
  • Logstash endpoint

Add following dependencies to pom.xml

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/ch.qos.logback/logback-classic -->
<dependency>
<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
<artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
<version>1.2.3</version>
<scope>test</scope>
</dependency>

<dependency>
<groupId>net.logstash.logback</groupId>
<artifactId>logstash-logback-encoder</artifactId>
<version>6.3</version>
</dependency>

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/ch.qos.logback/logback-core -->
<dependency>
<groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
<artifactId>logback-core</artifactId>
<version>1.2.3</version>
</dependency>

<!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/org.slf4j/slf4j-api -->
<dependency>
<groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
<artifactId>slf4j-api</artifactId>
<version>1.7.25</version>
</dependency>

Create logback.xml under /src/main/resources

Add the following to logback.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<configuration scan="true">
<property scope="context" name="app_name" value="<value_to_indetify_in_kibana>" />
<appender name="consoleAppender" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
<filter class="ch.qos.logback.classic.filter.ThresholdFilter">
<level>${logConsoleLevel:-DEBUG}</level>
</filter>
<encoder>
<Pattern>%d %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{45} - %msg%n</Pattern>
</encoder>
</appender>
<appender name="logstashAppender" class="net.logstash.logback.appender.LogstashTcpSocketAppender">
<destination>${LOGSTASH_DESTINATION:-localhost}:<Port></destination>
<ringBufferSize>32768</ringBufferSize>
<droppedWarnFrequency>1</droppedWarnFrequency>
<!-- encoder is required -->
<encoder class="net.logstash.logback.encoder.LogstashEncoder">
<includeCallerInfo>true</includeCallerInfo>
<includeContext>true</includeContext>
<includeMdc>true</includeMdc>
<charset>UTF-8</charset>
<Pattern>%d %-4relative [%thread] %-5level %logger{45} - %msg%n</Pattern>
</encoder>
</appender>
<root>
<level value="ALL"/>
<appender-ref ref="consoleAppender"/>
<appender-ref ref="logstashAppender"/>
</root>
</configuration>

replace LOGSTASH_DESTINATION with real URL value or fetch it from config.

Create a logger instance

public Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(BaseTest.class);

Use it in the project

public class TestListener extends BaseTest implements ITestListener {


private static String getTestMethodName(ITestResult iTestResult) {
return iTestResult.getMethod().getConstructorOrMethod().getName();
}

@Override
public void onStart(ITestContext iTestContext) {
logger.info("I am in onStart method " + iTestContext.getName());
iTestContext.setAttribute("WebDriver", driver);
}

@Override
public void onFinish(ITestContext iTestContext) {
logger.info("I am in onFinish method " + iTestContext.getName());
//Do tier down operations for extentreports reporting!
ExtentTestManager.endTest();
ExtentManager.getReporter().flush();
}

@Override
public void onTestStart(ITestResult iTestResult) {
logger.info("I am in onTestStart method " + getTestMethodName(iTestResult) + " start");
}

@Override
public void onTestSuccess(ITestResult iTestResult) {
logger.info("I am in onTestSuccess method " + getTestMethodName(iTestResult) + " succeeded");
//ExtentReports log operation for passed tests.
ExtentTestManager.getTest().log(LogStatus.PASS, "Test passed");
}


@Override
public void onTestFailure(ITestResult iTestResult) {

logger.info("I am in onTestFailure Method " + getTestMethodName(iTestResult) + " failed");


ExtentTestManager.getTest().log(LogStatus.FAIL, iTestResult.getThrowable().toString());
String base64Screenshot = "data:image/png;base64," + ((TakesScreenshot) driver).
getScreenshotAs(OutputType.BASE64);

ExtentTestManager.getTest().log(LogStatus.FAIL, "Test Failed", ExtentTestManager.getTest().addBase64ScreenShot(base64Screenshot));
}

@Override
public void onTestSkipped(ITestResult iTestResult) {
logger.info("I am in onTestSkipped method " + getTestMethodName(iTestResult) + " skipped");
//ExtentReports log operation for skipped tests.
ExtentTestManager.getTest().log(LogStatus.SKIP, "Test Skipped");

}

@Override
public void onTestFailedButWithinSuccessPercentage(ITestResult iTestResult) {
logger.info("Test failed but it is in defined success ratio " + getTestMethodName(iTestResult));
}


}

Kibana logs will look like this:

Originally posted @ mkken.github.io

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